The CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) discusses available data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). After historical trends of low vaccination rates among pregnant women, PRAMS data from 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 show signs of increased influenza vaccination.
A new report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention summarizes vaccination coverage from 48 states and DC for the 2012-13 school year, along with exmption rates from 49 states and DC for children entering kindergarten. The report found medians of 94.5% for two doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine; 95.1% for local requirements for diptheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccination; and 93.8% for two doses of varicella vaccine.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have released a new report summarizing national HPV vaccination coverage levels among adolescent girls aged 13-17 years from the 2007-12 National Immunization Survey-Teen and national postlicensure vaccine safety monitoring. Although vaccination coverage of any HPV vaccine increased from 25.1% in 2007 to 53% in 2011, coverage in 2012 was similar to 2011, at 53.8%. However, if the HPV vaccine had been administered during healthcare visits when another vaccine was administered, vaccination coverage could have reached 92.6%.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has adopted revised recommendations for prevention of measles, rubella, congenital rubella syndrome, and mups. The report summarizes the updates and replacements to previous recommendations by ACIP regarding the use of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine; the rubella vaccine and pregnancy; and control and elimination of mumps. To view the recommendations, please view the MMWR report.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have released a report, "Influenza Activity -- United States, 2012-13 Season and Composition of the 2013-14 Influenza Vaccine," which summarizes influenza activity in the United States during the 2012-13 influenza season (September 30, 2012- May 18, 2013) as of June 7, 2013, and reports the recommendations for the components of the 2013-14 Northern Hemisphere influenza vaccine.
The Kaiser Family Foundation has released a fact sheet, "The HPV Vaccine: Access and Use in the United States," to discuss HPV and related cancers, use of the HPV vaccines for both females and males, and insurance coverage and access to the vaccines. To access the fact sheet, please visit the Kaiser Foundation website.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a significant reduction in HPV infections was found in adolescent girls after the introduction of the HPV vaccine. Since the vaccine was introduced in 2006, vaccine-type HPV prevalence decreased 56 percent among female teenagers 14-19 years of age. The study compared the proportion of girls with certain types of HPV before the start of the vaccination program (2003-2006) with the proportion with certain types of HPV after the vaccine introduction (2007-2010). Each year, about 19,000 cancers caused by HPV occur in U.S.
A recent study in Obstetrics & Gynecology has found that text message reminders are not very effective for encouraging pregnant women to obtain influenza vaccinations. Despite the texted reminders, only about 30% of women in the study obtained a flu vaccination, although 90% of women indicated that they enjoyed receiving the health-related reminders, and 70% said their prenatal care was more satisfying because of the text messages.
A recent study in the Journal of Pediatrics has found no connection between early childhood vaccinations and autism risk, as those children with autism and those without had the same total exposure to vaccine antigens, the substances in vaccines that trigger the immune system to develop infection-fighting antibodies. Autism spectrum disorders are a group of developmental brain disorders that impair a child's ability to communicate and socialize.